KT - Kinetics Technology has focused on the use of renewable sources for hydrogen and fuel production based on the upgrading of biogas plants to produce bio-hydrogen with steam reforming technology, autothermal reforming, and reforming coupled with membrane technology. KT - Kinetics Technology has also studied the production of hydrogen, starting from water/ ethanol mixtures for centralized and distributed applications. In order to further reduce its carbon footprint, over the last two years, KT - Kinetics Technology through its subsidiary Processi Innovativi has started to work on Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) production, starting from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. A pilot plant has been designed, constructed, and tested at the Scientific and Technological Park of Abruzzo. The results confirm the possibility of storing excess energy in a high density molecule like methane.
Use of waste and renewable feedstocks
This segment follows three different paths:
- Use of waste materials to make syngas
Municipal and plastic waste gasification is the first step to produce syngas, which is a crucial intermediate for the production of hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, ethanol, and synthetic hydrocarbons. The fields of use of these products range from fuels to chemicals and fertilizers. Through the company Processi Innovativi, the Group has developed and applied 5 patents’ application covering the central step, the gasification, and the relevant process architectures; and is now focused to commercialize this process through the construction of the first plant on an industrial scale.
- Chemical recycling of plastic waste to make brand new polymers
The 6M € DEMETO project, funded by EU, is developing a more specific chemical recycling method for Pet waste. This process aims to transform PET waste into their original monomers: terephthalic acid (TPA) and ethylene glicol (EG), ready to make new brand PET, thus closing the loop of its production, use, and recycling. Processi Innovativi is building a 2 ton/day pilot plant in our Chieti premises to test such a new technology and test the laboratory results.
- Use of unconventional bio-feedstocks as algae and/or vegetable oils for the production of bio-fuels and bio-chemicals
A rather different approach is the use of non-conventional feedstocks such as oleaginous microalgae, which are capable of accumulating lipids up to 80% in dry matter. Together with neutral lipids, algae can also store carbohydrates, mainly starch, carotenoids, as leutein, astanxathin, B-carotene, proteins, and other molecules. Microalgae use may solve social and ethical issues, related to the use of fertile lands and edible plants, because they can grow on non-fertile land, and also reach a higher productivity per hectare compared to plants.
Processi Innovativi, together with BIO-P, its start-up company, is building a 10 ton/year pilot plant based on two steps architecture, where BIO-P has applied for a patent. The pilot plant will be built in the premises of via di Vannina.
In addition, Processi Innovativi is working with major industrial companies to look for new applications of oleochemicals feedstocks, and at the same time has R&D projects in the area of selective hydrogenation of fatty acids, and use of nanostructure catalysts. A specific patent application has been issued on this application.